Anthony W. England

Born on May 15, 1942, in Indianapolis, Indiana
BS and MS in Earth sciences from Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Doctorate of Philosophy in geophysics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology

About the Man

Anthony England was a graduate fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for the 3 years immediately preceding his first assignment to NASA. He helped develop and use radars to probe the Moon on Apollo 17 and glaciers in Washington State and Alaska, and participated in and led field parties during two seasons in Antarctica.

He was Deputy Chief of the Office of Geochemistry and Geophysics for the U.S. Geological Survey, and Associated Editor for the Journal of Geophysical Research. He served on the National Academy's Space Studies Board, and on several Federal Committees concerned with Antarctic policy, nuclear waste containment, and Federal Science and Technology.

Dr. England is currently Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Professor of Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Space Science, and Director of the Center for Spatial Analysis at the University of Michigan. He has logged over 3,000 hours of flying time. Dr. England was selected as a scientist-astronaut by NASA in August 1967. He subsequently completed the initial academic training and a 53-week course in flight training at Laughlin Air Force Base, Texas, and served as a support crewman for the Apollo 13 and 16 flights. He left NASA for the U.S. Geological Survey in 1972.

Dr. England returned to the Johnson Space Center in 1979 as a senior scientist-astronaut (mission specialist), was assigned to the operation mission development group of the astronaut office, and eventually managed that group. In 1985 he flew on STS-51F Spacelab-2 in 1985 and has logged 188 hours in space.

From May 1986 to May 1987 he served as a Program Scientist for Space Station. From June 1987 to December 1987 he taught Remote Sensing Geophysics at Rice University. Dr. England retired from NASA in 1988.

About the Spaceflight


July 29 - August 6, 1985

This mission was the first pallet-only Spacelab mission and the first mission to operate the Spacelab Instrument Pointing System (IPS).

It carried 13 major experiments of which 7 were in the field of astronomy and solar physics, 3 were for studies of the Earth's ionosphere, 2 were life science experiments, and 1 studied the properties of superfluid helium.

During the flight, Dr. England was responsible for activating and operating the Spacelab systems, operating the Instrument Pointing System (IPS), and the Remote Manipulator System (RMS), assisting with experiment operations, and performing a contingency EVA had one been necessary. After 126 orbits of the earth, STS 51-F Challenger landed at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on August 6, 1985.

Spacelab 2 emblem

View of Spacelab 2 pallet in the open payload bay

Astronaut Anthony W. England with soft drink in middeck area near galley

View of the aft section of the Challenger's payload bay during STS 51-F

Landing of the Shuttle Challenger at Edwards AFB and end of STS 51-F mission

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