Frank Borman
The Dark Side of the Moon


Deserted and Solitary


Colonel, U.S. Air Force (Retired)
Born March 14, 1928, in Gary, Indiana
Bachelor of Science from U.S. Military Academy
Master of Science, Aeronautical Engineering,
California Institute of Technology

About the Man

Frank Borman's love for airplanes started when he was 15 years old. This led him first to the Air Force, and then to NASA. As a career Air Force officer, Borman served as a fighter pilot, an operational pilot and an instructor. He also served as an experimental test pilot and an assistant professor of Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics at West Point.

When selected by NASA with the second group of astronauts, Frank Borman was an instructor at the Aerospace Research Pilot School at Edwards AFB, California. In 1967 he served as a member of the Apollo 204 Fire Investigation Board, investigating the causes of the fire which killed three astronauts; Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chaffee, aboard the Apollo One spacecraft.

About the Spaceflights
Gemini 7


December 4, 1965

During the flight of Gemini 7, Astronauts Frank Borman and Jim Lovell performed the first rendezvous and docking between different spacecraft. The objectives for the fourteen-day mission included evaluating the effects on the crew.

Among the twenty experiments conducted during the flight, the astronauts evaluated the lightweight pressure suits, and the Gemini spacecraft's reentry capability. Borman and Lovell also conducted systems tests. After 206 earth orbits, Gemini 7 splashed down on December 18, 1965.

Flight Duration: Thirteen days, Eighteen Hours, Thirty-five Minutes, and One Second


Apollo 8


December 21, 1968

The flight of Apollo 8 was unique in that it was the first time a manned spacecraft left the gravitational pull of the Earth and ventured to another celestial planet. Astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell, and Bill Anders were the first humans to see the dark side of the Moon.

The Apollo 8 spacecraft orbited the moon 10 times for a total of 20 hours. Besides the successful translunar injection, the crew tested the Command/Service Module's navigation, communications, and midcourse corrections.

Other goals accomplished by the Apollo 8 Astronauts Assess were the CSM's performance in the lunar orbit environment. They demonstrated communications and tracking at lunar distances.

The Apollo 8 crew took high-resolution photographs of future Apollo landing sites and locations of particual scientific interest. On Christmas Eve, 1968, the crew sent a message back to Earth that included reading from the Book of Genesis. Apollo 8 splashed down in the Pacific Ocean on December 27, 1968.

Flight Duration: Six days, Three hours, Zero Minutes, and Forty-two Seconds

Click on the patches to read about Frank Borman's historic spaceflights

 


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